Diagnosis
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With the new knowledge of how different breast tumors behave based on their genetic profile and the advances in treatment, it becomes very important not only to establish a diagnosis, but also to perform those studies that allow for optimal treatment.

The evaluation of suspicious breast findings and establishing the diagnosis of breast cancer involves expertise in distinct areas, including:

Imaging Imaging
Examination of the breast by imaging technologies is used both for screening and diagnostic purposes. There are several technologies, some well established and others representing new additional tools for helping breast patients. These include mammography, ultrasound, dedicated breast MRI, and PET/CT fusion imaging. The ability to see breast tissue in detail is critical to establishing the correct diagnosis.

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Biopsy & Pathologic Evaluation Biopsy
Ultimately, if concern persists that a region of the breast might contain cancer, a breast biopsy must be performed. Traditionally breast biopsies were performed by cutting out part of the tumor, now we more often establish whether there is a tumor in the breast by a biopsy performed with a needle. This is less traumatic, less painful, and less disfiguring.
Because we now perform smaller biopsies, often times with a needle, it is imperative that the tissue be examined efficiently, with a high degree of technical accuracy by expert physicians well acquainted with evaluating small samples.
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Breast Tissue Examination Tissue Examination
The thorough evaluation of a breast biopsy is critical to the delivery of high quality breast health care. This includes the full range of microscopic and genetic analyses in order to permit the effective design of individualized treatment strategies. This is particularly important given the rapidly increasing range of targeted therapies that work for tumors with alterations in particular cellular functions or genes.

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